Lifestyle

E-cigarettes with a cigarette-like level of nicotine are effective in reducing smoking

E-cigarettes that deliver a cigarette-like amount of nicotine are associated with reduced smoking and reduced exposure to the major tobacco-related pulmonary carcinogen, NNAL, even with concurrent smoking, according to a new study led by researchers at Virginia Commonwealth University and Penn State College of Medicine in Hershey, Pennsylvania. The study, which will be published in […]

Lifestyle

Feeling insecure about your relationship? Your biology may play a role

Imagine tracking your feelings during daily interactions with your romantic partner. What would you learn? That’s what approximately 100 heterosexual couples in Montreal did each day for 3 weeks during a study run by researchers from McGill University. They were interested in whether a fairly common genetic variant in the opioid system, seen in about […]

Lifestyle

Iodine exposure in the NICU may lead to decrease in thyroid function, study suggests

Exposure to iodine used for medical procedures in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) may increase an infant’s risk for congenital hypothyroidism (loss of thyroid function), suggests a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and other institutions. The authors found that infants diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism following a NICU stay had higher […]

Lifestyle

Soy and wheat proteins helpful for building aging muscles, but not as potent as animal protein

On a gram for gram basis, animal proteins are more effective than plant proteins in supporting the maintenance of skeletal muscle mass with advancing age, shows research presented this week at The Physiological Society’s virtual early career conference Future Physiology 2020. The number of vegans in the UK has quadrupled since 2006, meaning that there […]

Lifestyle

Our animal inheritance: Humans ‘prick up their ears,’ too, when they hear interesting sounds

Many animals, including dogs, cats and various species of monkeys, will move their ears to better focus their attention on a novel sound. That humans also have this capability was not known until now. A research team based in Saarland has demonstrated for the first time that we make minute, unconscious movements of our ears […]

Lifestyle

Medicare’s race, ethnic data often undercounts minority populations, study finds

The information critical to a nationwide priority of reducing health care disparities among minorities is incomplete and inaccurate, according to a new Rutgers study. Published in Medical Care Research & Review and Medical Care, the study compared Medicare beneficiaries’ race and ethnicity data from the two most widely-used administrative data sources, to data sources that […]

Lifestyle

Great expectations: Patients overestimate success in IVF

Couples embarking on IVF to treat their infertility tend to overestimate their chance of success, according to a prospective study of 69 couples having at least their second treatment attempt. Such over-optimism, suggest the authors, may be a source of distress or even a reason to discontinue their IVF treatment. The results of the study […]